Sex Tips

What happens during sex and the 4 phases of sexual satisfaction

The 4 phases pleasure during sexual intercourse

During the act of sexual intimacy between man and woman, Muscle spasm continues in the feet. The vaginal muscles contract with a rhythmic contraction of the uterus; and rhythmic contractions of the muscles at the base of the penis leads to semen ejaculation, but what happens during sex?

The sexual response cycle is how experts describe what’s going on inside your body that makes you feel and respond the way you do during sex. Don’t miss reading these 7 things women should always do after sex.

Back in 1966, sex researchers William Masters, MD, and Virginia Johnson came up with the term. They defined four stages, or phases, of this cycle:

Below are what happens during sex:

Phase 1: Excitement

As you get excited, your heart beats faster and your breathing gets heavier. Your skin may redden. More blood flows to your genitals. The clitoris swells and the penis gets erect. Nipples harden and the vagina may get wet. All muscles throughout your body tense up, boosting sexual tension.

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Phase 2: Plateau

The changes in your body intensify. Breathing, heartbeat, and blood pressure rise. Muscle tension increases even more. The vagina swells and its walls turn a darker color. The clitoris becomes super-sensitive to touch. The testicles pull upward.

Phase 3: Orgasm

At orgasm, sexual excitement reaches its peak. You feel a series of intense muscle contractions as your body releases the tension; the muscles of the vagina and the uterus contracts. Muscles at the base of the penis tighten and release, releasing semen in an ejaculation. Read this simple Guide to reaching climax for ultimate pleasure.

Phase 4: Resolution

Now spent of your pent-up energy, your body returns to its pre-sex state. Your breathing calms down. Muscles relax. The penis and vagina return to their original size and color. You may feel calm, satisfied, or tired out.

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This four-phase cycle is a fairly simple way to describe the human sexual response. In reality, human bodies (and minds) are unique. The way we respond to sex doesn’t always fit neatly into four ordered boxes.

“Since the Masters and Johnson model, we’ve learned much more,” says Kristen Mark, PhD, the Joycelyn Elders endowed chair in sexual health education at the University of Minnesota Medical School. “One thing coming before another is pretty inaccurate to the human sexual experience.”

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